Starting with the Seneca moving to the reservation in New York, they would suffer the fate of many Native-America Tribes. Loss of land, broken treaties and racism.
Today the Seneca have fought their battles in the courts, winning some and losing some. Their economy is diversified that relies on construction, recreation, tourism, retail sales and have become involved in the gaming industry. Several large construction companies are located on the Cattaraugus and Allegany Territories. There are also many smaller construction companies that are owned and operated by Seneca people. A considerable number of Seneca men work in some facet of the construction industry.
Recreation is one component of Seneca enterprises. The Highbanks Campground plays host to several thousand visitors every summer. Several thousand fishing licenses are sold each year to non-Seneca fishermen.
A substantial portion of the Seneca economy revolves around retail sales. From sports apparel to candles to artwork to traditional crafts, the wide range of products for sale on Seneca Nation Territories reflect the diverse interest of Seneca Nation citizens.
Tax free gasoline and cigarette sales on Tribal land have lead to court cases where the State of New York has attempted to enforce taxation on these products. The state believes that it has the authority to tax non-Indians who patronize Seneca businesses, a principle which the Senecas reject. A law that would bar any tax exempt organization in New York from receiving tax-free cigarettes went into effect June 21, 2011. The Seneca nation is appealing this decision, but has yet to overturn the law.
Currently the Seneca Nation of Indians owns and operates two casinos: one in Niagara Falls, New York called Seneca Niagara and the other in Salamanca Called Seneca Allegany. A third was to be built in Buffalo, but ran into much opposition and with the declining economy the Seneca halted construction on the new casino in Buffalo.
The Seneca Nation hs established an official broadcasting arm. ''Seneca Broadcasting''. The company currently owns one commercial FM radio station. WGWEsigned on February 1, 2010 with a classic hits format.
Many Seneca people are employed the local economy of the region as professionals, including: lawyers, professor, physicians, police officers, teachers, social workers, nurses and managers.
The Seneca Nation has produced many great leaders. Ely Parker, who was the only Native-American General in the Northern Army in the Civil war. Cornplanter, a Chief of the Seneca in the 17th century and Red Jacket, whose speach to the European missionaries is a classic and can be found on the internet under Great Native-American speeches. Well worth researching.
Major court cases involving the Seneca Nation are the Kinzua Dam Displacement. Began in 1960 construction of the Kinzua dam forced the relocation of appoximately 600 Seneca from 10,000 acres of land which they had occupied under the 1794 Treaty of Canandaigua. They were relocated to Salamanca, New York. The Seneca lost their court case in 1961, John F. Kennedy denied their request to stop the project.
Grand Island Claims, and Thruway Claims are two of the most notable involving the Seneca Nation.
The Seneca Nation, has fought for it's treaty right for decades. The New York attempt to tax sales on their land is again a grab for money by a state that is in dire straights for money.
credit to wikipedia and Great American Speeches.
Please see Kearneys Outlaw article on the Amana Colonies Part two...